Ebola Precautions

Ebola Precautions if travelling to Africa

Infection Precautions: Who is at risk?

Travellers could be infected if they come into contact with blood or body fluids from someone who is sick or has died from Ebola, sick wildlife, or meat from an infected animal. Health care providers caring for Ebola patients and family and friends in close contact with an ill person are at highest risk because they may come into contact with blood or body fluids.

 

What can travellers do to prevent Ebola?

There is no vaccine or specific treatment* for Ebola, and there is a 60% survival rate. Therefore, it is important to take steps to prevent Ebola. If you must travel, please make sure to do the following:

 

  • Practice careful hygiene. Avoid contact with blood and body fluids. 
  • Do not handle items that may have come in contact with an infected person's blood or body fluids.
  • Avoid funeral or burial rituals that require handling the body of someone who has died from Ebola.
  • Avoid contact with animals or with raw meat.
  • Avoid hospitals where Ebola patients are being treated. Your local Embassy or consulate is often able to provide advice on facilities that are suitable for your needs.
  • Seek medical care immediately if you develop fever, headache, achiness, sore throat, diarrhea, vomiting, stomach pain, rash, or red eyes.
  • Limit your contact with other people when you travel to the doctor. Do not travel anywhere else.
  • Pay attention to your health after you return.
  • Monitor your health for 21 days if you were in an area with an Ebola outbreak, especially if you were in contact with blood or body fluids, items that have come in contact with blood or body fluids, animals or raw meat, or hospitals where Ebola patients are being treated.
  • Seek medical care immediately if you develop fever,  headache,  achiness,  sore throat, diarrhea, vomiting, stomach pain, rash, or red eyes.
  • Tell the doctor about your recent travel and your symptoms before you go to the office or emergency room. Advance notice will help the doctor care for you and protect other people who may be in the office.

Special Precautions for Healthcare Workers

Health care workers who may be exposed to people with the disease should follow these steps:

  • Wear protective clothing, including masks, gloves, gowns, and eye protection.
  • Practice proper infection control and sterilization measures.
  • Isolate Ebola patients from unprotected people.
  • Avoid direct contact with the bodies of people who have died from Ebola.
  • Notify health officials if you have been exposed to someone with Ebola.